Bagh-e Babur (the Babur garden) -Kabul Afghanistan

Bagh-e Babur in Kabul Afghanistan

Afghanistan is full of ancient civilization and historical areas, though it has not been stable and at peace for the last decades. However, the war demolished some of those areas, while some historical sites, such as Babur Garden in Kabul, still exist. Today, I will write a little about the Bagh-e Babur (Babur Garden). If you are interested, read to the end.

Related:  another historical place in Kabul is Bagh-e Bala.

Babur Garden in Kabul

Babur Garden, or Bagh-e Babur, is one of the places in Kabul that attract hundreds of visitors from around the city. People come with their families and friends to spend their free time in nature. Additionally, this place is used for a cultural and artistic festivals as well.

The Babur Garden is on a mountain’s slopes, covering around 11 acres (56 Grib) of land. In addition to various types of trees and flowers, there is the tomb of the first Mughal emperor Babur, a small mosque, pools, and a queen’s palace.

Before the Babur garden becomes a picnic place or a public garden, it is a historical area. For that purpose, it is better to know something about their history and the old days this place has seen.

History of Bagh-e Babur

According to historians, Zohairuddin Mohammad Babur, the first Mughal emperor, built the garden around the 1520s. At the same time, some believe the grandson of Zohairuddin, Jalaluddin Akbar, built the garden, and later it was developed by the Aghan Khan foundation. When the Babur died, he was in India, and his successor brought his body and buried it at Bagh-e Babur. After that, the garden is called Bagh-e Babur.

At first, the Babur developed the slope of the Sher Mountain and used it for his special occasions. And later, during King Mohammad Nadir, the garden changed into a public place.

When Amir Abdur Rahman khan took power, he constructed a pavilion and residence for his wife, Bibi Halima. This queen’s palace was destroyed during the 1993 and 1992 wars, and the Agha Khan foundation later renovated it. In addition to Bibi Halima Palace, there is a building called ‘Karwansara’ at the beginning of the garden. The two-floor building is used for the garden’s offices and shops that sell Afghan handicrafts.


The Babur garden, which is in the Guzarga area, is surrounded by Chehel Soton from the south, Sher Mountain from the east, and Darul Aman road from the west. In the garden, you see multiple shops with handicrafts and restaurants with various foods and services. To visit this place, you must buy a ticket and pass a checkpoint at the entrance gate.

You can also read about this beautiful site on the Kabul Municipality website or the Etilaatroz website.


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